Spent a day at the two parts of the National Gallery of Modern Art in Edinburgh. Gallery Two wasn’t to my liking but the permanent collection over in Gallery One is superb and I’m bound to have a post about that soon. However, this trip had been made to go and see this exhibition which was all about the collecting of surrealist art by three influential individuals: Roland Penrose, Gabrielle Keiller and Edward James.
The reason I think I like the surrealists is because of the silliness! Monty Python from an early age certainly warped/encouraged my taste for the absurd. I’ve picked out six works from the exhibition that did have an impact.
One room was just Max Ernst, Rene Magritte and Giorgio de Chirico and there were three works that had me spinning round the room, trying to decide which I liked the most – which one would I have on the wall?
Having been to Peggy Guggenheim’s gaff in Venice (namedropping!) I am just a little bit in love with Max Ernst (join the queue) and I love the premise of this painting. Ernst is held by his father, who was a painter himself, but in the more traditional style which Ernst rejected, in the traditional pose of Christ with his mother. The Bowler-hatted figure is very traditional in contrast to the loose, colourful clothing of the ‘Christ-figure.’ The Guardian published a very interesting analysis of this painting which explores the psychoanalytical nature of this work: Pieta, or Revolution by Night
The central image I really liked – Giorgio de Chirico’s The Two Sisters from 1915 – my favourite year!! de Chirico’s early work was ‘pittura metafisica’, Metaphysical painting, and his works were of desolate landscapes, classical buildings, random objects linked to the philosophers of Ancient Greece and to the moden world, along with manniquins and statues. This cropped canvas was intense; the colour of the foregrounded sister as vibrant as the day it was painted and the simple act of placing a barrier between the two figures gives this a sense of foreboding. This work isn’t for the faint-hearted. Although not wanting to align himself with a particular movement, de Chirico was a huge influence of the artists who followed.
However, I said that the main reason for liking the surrealists is for the humour and the Magritte has to be my favourite out of the three. Magritte is showing little difference between the live and the inanimate, real women and manniquins. The figures are painted flat and lifeless so that the way Magritte then emphasises detail, such as the netting enclosing the woman, the wood graining of the floor and the intricate pattern of the hair, draws you in. It reminded me of the magician’s tube trick where they would put the empty tube down and objects would appear over and over. What a strange thought that you could possibly produce people in such a way.
Two works by Dorothea Tanning and Leonora Carrington were also standout pieces for me. Not unsurprisingly, both women were involved with Max Ernst – told you there was a queue! Tanning’s work is definitely the stuff of nightmares – bizarre and random seem to be the object here. Carrington is one of my favourite female artists: Let’s hear it for the girls 2: Leonora Carrington, Leonora Carrington amongst the surrealists
This work – tempera on canvas was really fascinating to get up close to, and to see how she scraped away at the canvas. Figures that I recognised from other paintings seem to appear here and the whole effect was staggering – good thing there was a bench opposite!
While there is a lot of humour in surrealist art, there was one painting that did bring an air of melancholy with it. This work, commissioned by the collector, Edward James, of Magritte and entitled, Not to be Reproduced was stunning. The simplicity of this and the jolt you get when the face is not the reflection you are expecting is amazing.